Programme Hints - Brownies help at home - First Aids Knowledge

Activity: First Aids Knowledge


Brownie Section

Time needed

60-90 minutes, it is suggested to use 2 sessions to complete the activity

Learning Goal

To introduce members some basic knowledge of first aid so that they can stay calm and give immediate care to people in need.


Leaders introduce members the aims of first aid and the contents of first aid box. Leaders should demonstrate how to clean a wound. When practicing bandaging, younger members pretend to be the “injured people” to receive helps, while the older members can be a “rescuer” to handle emergency cases.

Note: This activity will help members prepare the assessment of First Aid Badge


1. First Aid Box

  • plasters in a variety of different sizes and shapes
  • small, medium and large sterile gauze dressings
  • at least two sterile eye dressings
  • triangular bandages
  • crêpe rolled bandages
  • safety pins
  • disposable sterile gloves
  • tweezers
  • scissors
  • alcohol-free cleansing wipes
  • sticky tape
  • thermometer (preferably digital)
  • skin rash cream, such as hydrocortisone or calendula
  • cream or spray to relieve insect bites and stings
  • antiseptic cream
  • eye wash and eye bath


2. First Aid Knowledge

  • Trauma & Bleeding
  • Airway obstruction
  • Acute Heart Diseases
  • Unconsciousness
  • Fracture
  • Burns And Scalds
  • Head Injuries
  • Poisoning
  • Shock
  • Miscellaneous Emergencies



3. Methods of bandage

  • Arm Sling
  • Bandaging of head injury
  • Elbow/Knee
  • Arm/Calf


4. Game – bean catching

Members use two matches to hold a bean, and then put it into a bottle. The faster member will win the game. This can increase flexibility of hand muscles of members.

Which elements of the method are used, and how?

☑ Learning in small groups – Members take turns to be the “injured people” and the “rescuer”. They can remind each other how to practice First Aid treatment and improve their skills of taking care of emergency cases.


☑ My path, my pace – Encourage members to get the First Aid badge. Members feel satisfied when they find that they have the abilities to help people.


☑ Learning by doing – Members learn to decide the most suitable treatment when they see an injured case. They develop the risk management skills.

How does the method give youth members a chance to take the lead?

Members learn the principles and practice of First Aid. It is useful for a leader to learn the skills because there will be many chances to organize outdoor activities.

Leaders provide emergency help to members when there is an accident.

How can you connect this activity to the values of Girl Guiding and Girl Scouting?

Members share the feelings of helping others and receiving helps from others. They understand the meaning that “It is more blessed to give than to receive.” They also find the value of themselves.

Programme Hints/Activity Packs
Last Update Date: 2017-09-04